Aircraft Noise Compatibility of the Airports with Progress of Noise Reduction at Source
Сreation of noise exposure maps and airport noise compatibility programs are
the basic steps in aircraft noise exposure and impact management in/around
the airports, both of them are fundamental for aircraft noise zoning
procedures. Noise reduction at source is also a strategic element of this
management, and efficient implementation of quieter aircraft designs in
operation provides closer distances of the boundaries of noise zones
prohibited for residences to runway axis. These new conditions oblige the
decision-makers, responsible for noise management, to be stricter with
procedures for noise zones definition and to include in consideration a
number of new acoustic sources inside the aerodrome besides the aircraft in
flight operation, which may influence the overall exposure and impact of noise
on population living or/and acting around the airport. In other words, current
noise exposure maps and airport noise compatibility programs must include
these dominant noise sources at specific locations of the airport also, not only
the flight noise sources, as it was enough before. Today such essential noise
sources for consideration in airport noise management are the aircraft in
maintenance and overhaul and the aircraft during the taxing between the
runway and stands on apron first of all, especially if their locations are quite
far from aircraft flight operation routes and close to the residential areas
around the aerodrome. The noise maps are required to be calculated
currently, as for aircraft operation, so as for their maintenance and overhaul,
but the measurements are evident also for their confidence and accuracy
Reduction at Source,
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