e-ISSN 2687-525X



A DOI, or Digital Object Identifier, is a string of numbers, letters and symbols used to permanently identify an article or document and link to it on the web. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation. Think of it like a Social Security number for the article you’re citing — it will always refer to that article, and only that one. While a web address (URL) might change, the DOI will never change.

Below are a few examples for citing with the Harvard Reference System. For more information, please view the file on the link.

In Harvard format;

For books
Surname, initials., year. title of book. publisher, place of publication.
Please see the below example.

Dincer, I., Midilli, A., Hepbasli, A. and Karakoc, T.H. eds., 2009. Global warming: engineering solutions. Springer Science & Business Media.

For book chapters
Surname, initials., year, chapter title, editor’s surname, initials (Ed.), title of book, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.
Please see the below example.

Calabrese, F.A., 2005, The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum, Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp.15-20.

For journals
Surname, initials., year. title of article. journal name, volume issue, page numbers.
Please see the below example.

Ozel, C., Ozbek, E. and Ekici, S., 2020. A Review on Applications and Effects of Morphing Wing Technology on UAVs. International Journal of Aviation Science and Technology, vm01(is01), pp.30-40.